10th December 1840. William Smith was transported to Van Diemen’s Land on the ship ‘Duncan’ for a fourteen year sentence. He was one of 263 prisoners on the voyage.
Van Diemen’s Land was a penal colony, which later became known as Tasmania. Transportation was a common punishment at the time, as an alternative to imprisonment in Britain. When convicts had completed their sentences, they would be allowed to settle in the colonies. It would have been a tough life.
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